(February, 1999)

By Noel Huntley

Modern physics theories recognise space or the vacuum as a very active medium saturated with quantum energy fluctuations, which has been described as a turbulance of particles, miniblack and miniwhite holes, and a sea of bubbling foam. Even prior to this recognition of space as not being empty, the ether was postulated to provide a medium through which waves could propagate.

However, the problem that arose was regarding measurements of the ether, for example, could we detect the motion of the Earth through the ether medium? The ether was considered to be in some sort of absolute state, at rest, or in a fixed condition in the universe. Thus it was expected that an ether drift would be detectable around our orbiting Earth.

The celebrated Michelson-Morley experiment was conducted in an attempt to detect the ether drift relative to Earth. However, none was measured, and this also meant the ether itself wasn't detected. In spite of this, the notion of ether drift nevertheless leads us into a weak physics premise! The idea of, say, the ether being at rest relative to one body, then having different motions relative to every other body moving relative to the first body is questioned by the 'tests of truth' in physics. The correct logic would be that the ether would need to appear the same for different bodies moving at different velocities, etc. A proper ether theory must have equal applicability to all bodies no matter what their motion is. Such a medium is called a covariant ether.

The Michelson-Morley experiment also showed that the velocity of light did not apparently have a variable relative velocity. If the ether drift---due to the Earth moving through the medium---had been detected, then the light which was propagated through the medium would be expected to have had a velocity which would be observed to vary according to which direction the ether drifted relative to the measuring device. (A wave on water will appear to travel faster towards an oncoming boat than when the boat is moving away, viewed from the boat.)

The fact that the ether was not detected and the velocity of light was found to be constant gave Einstein the opportunity to ignore the ether. If there had been a proper covariant theory of the ether this could not only have explained the constancy of the velocity of light but it might have been recognised that this constancy was an illusion! 

Nevertheless physicists were happy to drop the notion of a mysterious medium. Little was it understood that this decision to discard the ether notion put the lid, so to speak, on the 3rd dimension, and another physics datum was established to limit true advancements (which means not just in physics but also evolution).

Einstein's special theory of relativity, which postulates that the ether cannot be detected and that the velocity of light is always constant relative to an observer, is a mathematical contrivance to handle why different observers travelling at different speeds relative to, say, a beam of light will all measure the same value for the light velocity. This manipulation resulted in the by-passing of the real nature of the ether and the potential to understand it.

To model a covariant ether we can consider infinite particles in space travelling in all directions, at all velocities up to that of light, and possessing all frequencies (within a particular spectrum). In addition, we should include accelerations in a gravitational field and all durations over a relevant range. Note that strictly, these particles are nodes and can pass through one another. These are the nodal regions of 4D oscillations, cutting across the 3D matrix originating from the countless higher-dimensional vortices as they fragment into smaller and smaller products and interfere with one another. (Note that two 4D beams projected holographically from a 4D configuration into 3D, where they interfere, create a stationary state which can appear to us as a solid spherical particle---this argument is just 4D geometry.)

Thus we have a model of space as composed of infinite nodes covering all possibilities of direction, velocity, frequency, acceleration, duration. (We shall see in the inertia article that this is a prerequisite to an understanding of inertia.) Now since all possibilities are covered by these nodes, for instance, at any point in space nodes pass through in all directions, and for any one direction a complete range of nodes exist for velocities, frequencies and duration, etc.

We do not intend to pursue the subject of a covariant ether in any detail since the intention was merely to present a conception of superspace as this is a requirement for understanding inertia and gravity. However, the above model manifests the necessary properties for a covariant ether. If one imagines moving through such an ether in any direction with any velocity the relative properties of the adjacent ether are unchanged owing to the complete range of node characteristics described above to match any observer change---and light is propagated according to the ether properties. The observer only perceives visible light carried by nodes with velocity characteristics relative to the observer. Another observer moving at a different velocity will perceive another range of nodes which has the same relative velocity---thus observing the same value of the velocity of light (gauge invariance).

(To go into more detail on Einstein's special theory of relativity a new concept needs to be introduced; that of rate of creation of space (and matter)---different dimensions have different rates of information. With this, the illusions of the special theory become apparent, in particular, the falsity of the relativistic increase in mass as the velocity increases.)

Moreover, with the vortex theory---quite apart from the covariant ether theory explaining why the velocity of light appears constant---the Earth, as with any other natural entity, is the centre of its vortex. Obviously the vortex goes with it and it is the vortices of space which carry the vibrations. Thus the moving planet takes the encompassing vortex with it, and this would be expected to obscure any predicted change in light's velocity.

However, it should be added that aberration from star light is observed to occur (an academic point), indicating a lack of ether drag by the Earth. But the vortex is oscillating and one may still observe the aberration and still measure a constant velocity for light. To make this a little clearer we have 1) the Earth supposedly dragging a dense medium, ether, like air, compared with 2) the Earth, being carried by its vortex (not at all like air), of which the vortex is oscillating in the ether medium, and then we have light being carried by the vortex oscillations. And yes, the velocity of light would be expected to be observed to vary as it propagates through the vortices of space in the universe (it will also create a red shift owing to acceleration into a vortex, lengthening the wave!).

Have we now covered superspace? Not even remotely. We have merely vaguely described the 3rd-dimensional stratum of a multidimensional, hierarchical structure. If we just consider the spectrum of energies (quantum, scalar waves) from 3D to 4D (described in other articles) we have increasing degrees of correlation of oscillations. As we move up the gradient from 3D to 4D, frequencies increase and the energies have the potential to become more in harmony.

This is the model we are proposing. It can be considered to be all consciousness and basically it is in a virtual condition. Any energy though is inherently present to be rekindled, regenerated, brought into materialisation. For example, separate 3D particles of the 3rd dimension (or, say, light waves to form a laser) can be correlated---their frequencies made coherent (in resonance)---so that their combination forms a new whole. This is not a composite of parts but a holistic, quantum state (can also be called collective). This new quantum state will have a higher frequency than its parts, and also its wholeness will be greater than the sum of its parts. This is due to its greater thickness in 4D---than its particles. The particles or waves act like subharmonics of this quantum regenerated collective state (this is where the power of the laser originates).

Thus amazingly the fundamental paradigm for superspace is exactly the same as for the basic information structure we presented for the learning pattern! In the articles on physical mobility we described the build up of the ideation oscillations for a simple movement A to B. This same framework can be applied to the whole of space. The energy is basically 'light', which in turn is basically information.

The diagrams in the above figure are illustrating the same configuration as in the figures of Part II on physical mobility (opposite spirals not shown). The universe is basically like one big spiral with inner-fractal spirals. Remember, as we have stated previously, the spirals are necessary for energy to transduce from one dimensional level to another (and they always have an opposite spiral not shown).

For space, however, many of these discrete vortices should be considered as in a virtual condition. Nevertheless materialised vortices such as those for galaxies, stars, planets, etc. will all interefere with one another regarding their emanating waves, causing infinite sub-vortices and nodes within space, and subsequently countless grid systems. The diagram does not give all the manifested fractal levels for our universe such as clusters of galaxies (a whole entity), molecules, etc.

Thus this superspace is a virtual-state hierarchy of infinite contextual and potential fractal levels on a fine gradient from 3D into higher dimensions from which all creation manifests; and it is, of course, also zero-point energy, the basis of free-energy devices.

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